Science

Year group

Autumn

Spring

Summer

1

Everyday Materials

·         Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made

·         Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock

·         Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials

·         Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties

 

Links to space:

-Materials used to create a space suit D&T.

-Materials used to create a moon buggy D&T.

 

Seasons- throughout the year

·         Hours in a day linked to hours of sunlight.  On going throughout the year

·         Observe changes across the four seasons

·         Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

 

Links to space:

-How do seasons work?

 

 

Animals

·         Identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals

·         Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores

·         Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets)

·         Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

 

Links to space:

-What animals have been to space?

-Humans in space (what do they need to to inorder to survive n space). 

 

Seasons- throughout the year

·         Hours in a day linked to hours of sunlight.  On going throughout the year

·         Observe changes across the four seasons

·         Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

 

Links to space:

-How do seasons work?

 

 

 

Plants

·         Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees

·         Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees.

 

Links to space:

-What plants can you grow in space? How?

 

Seasons- throughout the year

·         Hours in a day linked to hours of sunlight.  On going throughout the year

·         Observe changes across the four seasons

·         Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

 

Links to space:

-How do seasons work?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn

Spring

Summer

2

Everyday Materials

·         Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses

·         Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

 

Links to space:

-Materials used to create a space suit D&T.

-Materials used to create a moon buggy D&T.

 

Animals

·         Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults

·         Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)

·         Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food and hygiene

 

Links to space:

-The effects of space on the human body. E.g muslces failing over time (spagetti bones eperiment).

-An astronauts diet. Create a space meal D&T

-How astronuats train physically- Misson X PE

 

 

 

Living things and their habitats

·         Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive

·         Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other

·         Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro-habitats

·         Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food.

 

Plants

·         Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants

·         Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy.

 

Links to space:

-What plants can you grow in space? How?

 

Autumn

Spring

Summer

3

Light

·         Recognise that light is needed in order to see

·         Notice that light is reflected from surfaces

·         Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes

·         Recognise that shadows are formed when light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object

·         Find patterns in the way that the size of the shadows change

 

Links to space:

-The sun as a light source. Shadows

 

 

Rocks and soils

·         To compare and group diferent kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and physical properties

·         Describe how fossils are formed

·         Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter.

 

Links to space:

-Borrow the moon workshop to look at rocks from space to see how they compare to rocks on Earth.

 

 

Forces and magnets:

·         Compare how things move on different surfaces

·         Notice that some forces need contact between two objects but magnetic forces can act from a distance

·         Observe how magents attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others

·         Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials based on whether they are attracted to a magnet.

·         Describe magnets as having two poles.

·         Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other depending on which poles are facing.

 

Links to space:

-Forces in space (freefall and microgravity on the ISS).

-Do magnets work in space?

 

Plants

·         Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants.

·         Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth and how they vary from plant to plant.

·         Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

·         Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants.

 

Links to space:

-What plants can you grow in space? How?

 

Animals:

·         Identify the animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition and that they cannot make their own food.

·         Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

 

Links to space:

-The effects of space on the human body. E.g muslces failing over time (spagetti bones eperiment).

-An astronauts diet. Create a space meal D&T

-How astronuats train physically- Misson X PE

 

 

 

 

Autumn

Spring

Summer

4

Forces and magnets (Year 3):

·         Compare how things move on different surfaces

·         Notice that some forces need contact between two objects but magnetic forces can act from a distance

·         Observe how magents attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others

·         Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials based on whether they are attracted to a magnet.

·         Describe magnets as having two poles.

·         Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other depending on which poles are facing.

 

Links to space:

-Forces in space (freefall and microgravity on the ISS).

-Do magnets work in space?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electricity:

·         Identify common appliances that run on electricity

·         Construct a simple series electrical circuit

·         Identifying and naming it’s basic parts including cells, wires, bulbs, switch and buzzers

·         Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery

·         Recognise that a switch opens and closes the circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a  simple circuit

·         Recognise some common conductors and insulators and associate metals with being good conductors

 

Links to space:

-Energy saving ideas for the ISS

-Energy saving ideas for a moon base

Plants (Year 3):

·         Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants.

·         Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth and how they vary from plant to plant.

·         Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

·         Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants.

 

Links to space:

-What plants can you grow in space? How?

 

Living things and their habitats

·         Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways

·         Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment

·         Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn

Spring

Summer

5

Earth and Space

·         Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system

·         Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

·         Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies

·         Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky.

 

Forces

·         Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object

·         Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces

·         Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

 

Links to space:

-Forces in space (freefall and microgravity on the ISS).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Living things and thier habitats

·         Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird

·         Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

 

 

Animals inc humans

·         Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

 

Properties and changes of materials

·         Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets

·         Know that some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution

·         Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating

·         Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic

·         Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes

·         Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

 

Links to space:

-Materials used to create a space suit D&T.

-Materials used to create a moon buggy D&T.

 

 

Autumn

Spring

Summer

6

Living things and thier habitats (Year 5):

·         Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird

·         Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

 

 

 

Living Things and their habitats

·         Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms, plants and animals

·         Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics

 

Evolution and Inheritance – Charles Darwin

·         Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago

·         Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents

·         Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution

Objects taught in Year 5 2017-2018

 

Animals including Humans

·         Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

·         Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

·         Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans

 

 

Links to space:

-The effects of space on the human body. E.g muslces failing over time (spagetti bones eperiment).

-An astronauts diet. Create a space meal D&T

-How astronuats train physically- Misson X PE